The SPMC Journal of Health Care Services is the official journal of Southern Philippines Medical Center (SPMC). It is a multi-disciplinary, peer reviewed, Open Access journal that showcases the written works of SPMC employees and other submitting authors. The journal is published twice a year. The goal of the publication is to contribute to local and international efforts to broaden the knowledge base of health care services.

SPMC Journal of Health Care Services is owned and published by Southern Philippines Medical Center (SPMC). The owner grants editorial freedom to the editors of this publication.

Information contained in the SPMC Journal of Health Care Services is intended for professionals and students of health care disciplines. Contents made available in this publication are contributions of individuals or organizations. SPMC is not responsible for the accuracy of any data used in coming up with the contents reported in the articles.

The views and opinions expressed by the authors of individual articles in the SPMC Journal of Health Care Services are their own and do not reflect the official position of SPMC. Contents in this publication shall not be used to disregard or replace the advise of a qualified medical professional. SPMC shall not be held liable for any damages resulting from the use or inability to use the contents of the SPMC Journal of Health Care Services.